Rare Fruits of Malaysia
(28 March 2006)
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Rare Fruits of Malaysia
Malaysia possesses a rich diversity of tropical
fruits. Besides the commercial fruits, there are many other fruit
species which are grouped under rare fruits. Many of the rare fruit
species have great potential but they are under exploited. The
production of rare fruits is rather limited due to low number of trees
available for each species. However, some of the potential rare fruits
are sold at night markets, "pekan sehari" or along the roadsides. Most
of the rare fruits are seasonal, but there are also species that are
non-seasonal, producing fruits throughout the year.
They provide nutritional benefits and some of these
species have unique medicinal value. Furthermore, due to its rarity,
it provides good source of income.
These rare fruits are usually grown in home gardens or
orchards. Among the fruits that can be found in home gardens are
Cermai, Ceri Terengganu, and Durian Nyekak. Jentik-jentik grows in the
wild and can be found in forests. Beruas is now being planted as
landscaping trees in gardens or pathways.
Considered as treasures of the forests, it is
important to cultivate the public's awareness on the value and
importance of these rare fruit species as well as ensure that
effective conservation and sustainable utilization of the diversity is
undertaken so that the future generation is able to appreciate their
uniqueness and specialty.
Terap Bulu (Artocarpus Sericicarpus)
Terap bulu is famous in Sarawak. The fruit is large,
weighing between 450g - 800g and resembles that of nangka or cempedak.
The shape is oval and is slightly orange in color with a strong smell.
The whole fruit is covered with long, coarse hair and when ripe the
fruit is soft and can be easily opened while the flesh and stalk can
be easily pulled from the skin. The flesh, consisting of many small
segments is white, soft, sweet, juicy and fragrant. Seeds can be eaten
by frying without oil or boiled.
Cermai (Phyllanthus Acidus)
The small sized tree bears fruits in bunches from the
branch or stalks and are non-seasonal. The fruit is small, measuring
about 2 cm in width and 1.5 cm in length. When ripe, the fruit is
yellow, translucent and shiny. The shape of the fruit is round and
slightly flattened. The surface of the fruit has 6-8 lobes while the
flesh is usually sour in taste with stony seed. Besides eating fresh,
the fruit can be pickled, made into dried candy and used in rojak
Beruas (Garcinia Hombroniana)
The shape of the Beruas tree and its leaves very much
resemble that of the mangosteen trees. The flowers are scented and
blooms at the end of the branch in clusters of 6-8 blooms or flowers.
Fruits are 4cm - 5cm in width and round shaped with pointed tips
attached with the stigma. The skin is dark, red and shiny while the
thin flesh consists of 8-10 segments and is white in color as well as
sour in taste. The tree can be used as beautiful landscape plants.
Ceri Terengganu (Lepisanthes Alata)
The tree is non-seasonal and produces fruit throughout
the year. The fruits are arranged closely and attractively in a big
bunch of cluster of which each bunch consists of about 20 fruits. The
fruits, about 2cm - 3 cm in width are dark red, shiny and round with
pointed tip. Each fruit contains 1-3 pieces of seeds and its flesh is
soft and tastes fairly sweet. The tree is small but can reach medium
height. Its canopy spreads out and the purplish color of the young
leaves adds to the attractiveness of the tree. Due to this Ceri
Terengganu is usually planted for landscaping purposes.
Jentik-Jentik (Baccaurea Polyneura)
The trees are large, reaching up to more than 30
meters in height while the fruits are borne in large and long clusters
hanging down from the branches. A bunch contains up to 10-20 fruits
that are small in size with 2 cm in width and 2.5 cm in length and are
orange in color. The skin is hard and brittle and is easily broken
when clicked with fingers. The flesh, consisting of 1-3 segments is
shiny and dark orange in color with sweet and acidic taste. The tree
is seasonal, produce flowers and fruits only once a year.
Nyekak (Durio Kutejensis)
Nyekek can be found in the states of Sarawak and Sabah.
The tree is medium in height, reaching 30 meters tall. Leaves are dark
green on the upper surface with golden underside. Nyekak can be easily
recognized through its big, dark red flowers. The fruit shape varies
from round to oval and oblong while its size varies from small to big
at 8 cm up to 13 cm in length and weighing from 300g to 940g. The skin
is yellow with short and sharp thorns while the flesh is yellow to
orange in color and can reach up to 7 mm in thickness. Nyekak fruit
tastes creamy, sweet and less pungent in flavor whereas the seed is
dark brown and shiny. An interesting trait of the fruit is that the
flesh has no odor and it does not stick to the fingers. Another
important characteristic of the Nyekak is that the calyx and its
filaments are firmly attached to the base of the fruit.
|Date of Issue
||28 March 2006
||30 sen, 50 sen, RM1
||29 mm X 34 mm
||100 mm X 70 mm
|Stamp Size in
||29 mm X 34 mm